Prof Keith Christian

Keith Christian did his PhD on the determinants of space use by Galapagos Land Iguanas while at Colorado State University. He expanded his interests in tropical ecology while working at the University of Puerto Rico before moving to Australia in 1985. He was a foundation staff member at the university that is now known as Charles Darwin University in Darwin.

His interests include the physiological and behavioral adaptations of animals (particularly reptiles, amphibians and ants) in response to the physical environment. He has published in the areas of comparative physiology, physiological ecology, exercise physiology, thermoregulatory biology, respiratory physiology, biophysical ecology, and biological control.

Dr Renkang Peng and Keith have worked to establish methods for using weaver ants as biological control agents in tropical tree crops in northern Australia, Vietnam, Thailand, and East Timor. This work has shown that tree crops grown in association with weaver ants can produce higher quality produce with lower expenses than the conventional techniques of farming with insecticides. This work, also in conjunction with Karen Gibb, resulted in the team winning the Tropical Knowledge Research award from the Northern Territory Government in 2006.

Keith and his son Jake collect and polish rocks, and this led to a research project exploring the communities of cyanobacteria that live under translucent rocks, such as quartz, agate, and prehnite in the Wave Hill region of the Northern Territory. This work showed that the hypolithic cyanobacteria in northern Australia are only photosynthetically active for about 75 days a year, and although the cyanobacteria share some similarities with hypolithic communities on other continents at the generic level, at the “species” level, the Australian cyanobacteria are unique and extremely diverse.

Year Type Citation
2013 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Do Weaver Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Marks Affect Mango Internal Quality and Storage Life?. Journal of Economic Entomology 106, 299 - 304 (2013).
2013 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Reilly, D. Using weaver ants Oecophylla smaragdina to control two important pests on African mahogany Khaya senegalensis in the Northern Territory of Australia. Australian Forestry 76, 76 - 82 (2013).
2013 Journal Article Seymour, R. S. et al. Scaling of standard metabolic rate in estuarine crocodiles Crocodylus porosus. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 183, 491 - 500 (2013).
2013 Journal Article Brien, M. L., Webb, G. J., Lang, J. W. & Christian, K. A. Intra- and interspecific agonistic behaviour in hatchling Australian freshwater crocodiles (Crocodylus johnstoni) and saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus). Australian Journal of Zoology 61, 196 (2013).
2013 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Do weaver ants affect arthropod diversity and the natural-enemy-to-pest ratio in horticultural systems?. Journal of Applied Entomology 137, 711 - 720 (2013).
2013 Journal Article Brien, M. L., Webb, G. J., Christian, K. A., Lang, J. W. & McGuinness,  A. Born to be bad: agonistic behaviour in hatchling saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus). Behaviour 1 - 26 (2013). doi:10.1163/1568539X-00003078
2012 Journal Article Iglesias, S., Christian, K. A., Tracey, C. R. & Bedford, G. Site and sex differences in body size and shape in the Australian agamid lizard, Lophognathus temporalis. Journal of Herpetology (2012).
2012 Journal Article Tracey, C. R. et al. Thermal and hydric implications of diurnal activity by a small tropical frog during the dry season. Austral Ecology (2012). doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2012.02416.x
2012 Journal Article Tracey, C. R. et al. Thermal and hydric implications of diurnal activity by a small tropical frog during the dry season. Austral Ecology no - no (2012). doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2012.02416.x
2012 Journal Article Sadowski-Fugitt, L. M., Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A. & Williams, J. B. Cocoon and epidermis of Australian Cyclorana frogs differ in composition of lipid classes that affect water loss. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 85, (2012).
2011 Journal Article Tracey, C. R., Laurence, N. & Christian, K. A. Condensation onto the Skin as a Means for Water Gain by Tree Frogs in Tropical Australia. The American Naturalist 178, 553-558 (2011).
2011 Journal Article Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A., McArthur, L. J. & Gienger, C. M. Removing the rubbish: frogs eliminate foreign objects from the body cavity through the bladder. Biology Letters 7, 465-467 (2011).
2011 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Reilly, D. The effect of weaver ants Oecophylla smaragdina on the shoot borer Hypsipyla robusta on African mahoganies in Australia. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 13, 165-171 (2011).
2011 Journal Article Tracey, C. R. & Christian, K. A. Dew as a water source for frogs in a tropical dry season. The American Naturalist (2011).
2011 Journal Article Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A., Baldwin, J. & Phillips, B. L. Cane toads lack physiological enhancements for dispersal at the invasive front in Northern Australia. Biology Open (2011). doi:10.1242/bio.2011024
2011 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. The best time of day to monitor and manipulate weaver ant colonies in biological control. Journal of Applied Entomology no-no (2011).
2011 Journal Article Reynolds, S. J., Reynolds, S. J., Christian, K. A., Tracey, C. R. & Assoc Prof Hutley, L. B. Changes in body fluids of the cocooning fossorial frog Cyclorana australis in a seasonally dry environment. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 160, 348-354 (2011).
2010 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Reilly, D. Weaver ants, Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), as bio-control agents on African mahogany trees, Khaya senegalensis (Sapindales: Meliaceae), in the Northern Territory of Australia. International Journal of Pest Management 56, (2010).
2010 Journal Article Firth, B., Christian, K. A., Belan, I. & Kennaway, D. Melatonin rhythms in the Australian freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus johnstoni): a reptile lacking a pineal complex? . Journal of Comparative Physiology Part B. 180, (2010).
2010 Journal Article Reynolds, S. J., Christian, K. A. & Tracey, C. R. The cocoon of the fossorial frog Cyclorana australis functions primarily as a barrier to water exchange with the substrate. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83, (2010).
2010 Book Chapter Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Box 7.2 in “Ant Ecology”, L. Lach, C.L. Parr and K.L. Abbott (eds.) pp. 123-125. Oxford University Press, New York. (Lach, L., Parr, C. L. & Abbott, K. L.) (Oxford University Press, 2010).
2010 Journal Article Schlesinger, C. A., Christian, K. A., James, C. D. & Morton, S. R. Seven lizard species and a blind snake: activity, body condition and growth of desert herpetofauna in relation to rainfall. Australian Journal of Zoology 58, (2010).
2010 Journal Article Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A. & Tracey, C. R. Not just small, wet, and cold: effects of body size and skin resistance on thermoregulation and arboreality of frogs. . Ecology 91, (2010).
2010 Journal Article Christian, K. A., Tracey, C. R., Streten-Joyce, C., Dalton, R. & Gibb, K. S. Microclimate and limits to photosynthesis in a diverse community of hypolithic cyanobacteria in northern Australia. Environmental Microbiology 12, (2010).
2009 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Determination and management of weaver ant, oecophylla smaragdina (fabricius). International Journal of Pest Management 55, 27 - 30 (2009).
2009 Journal Article Nielsen, M. G., Christian, K. A. & Malte, H. Hypoxic conditions and oxygen supply in nests of the mangrove ant, Camponotus anderseni, during and after inundation. . Insectes Sociaux 56, (2009).
2009 Journal Article Iglesias, S., Tracey, C. R., Bedford, G., McWhorter, T. J. & Christian, K. A. Seasonal effects on intestinal enzyme activity in the Australian agamid lizard, Lophognathus temporalis. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 153, 87 - 94 (2009).
2009 Journal Article Reynolds, S. J., Christian, K. A. & Tracey, C. R. Application of a Method for Obtaining Lymph from Anuran Amphibians. Journal of Herpetology 43, 148 - 153 (2009).
2009 Journal Article Reynolds, S. J. & Christian, K. A. Environmental Moisture Availability and Body Fluid Osmolality in Introduced Toads, Rhinella marina, in Monsoonal Northern Australia. Journal of Herpetology 43, 326 - 331 (2009).
2009 Journal Article Nielsen, M. G., Christian, K. A. & Malte, H. Hypoxic conditions and oxygen supply in nests of the mangrove ant, Camponotus anderseni, during and after inundation. . Insectes Sociaux 56, (2009).
2008 Journal Article Kearney, M. et al. Modelling species distributions without using species distributions: the cane toad in Australia under current and future climates. Ecography 31, 423 - 434 (2008).
2008 Journal Article Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A. & Betts, G. Body temperature and resistance to evaporative water loss in tropical Australian frogs. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 150, 102 - 108 (2008).
2008 Journal Article Smith, J. G., Christian, K. A. & Green, B. Physiological ecology of the mangrove-dwelling varanid Varanus indicus. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81, 561 - 569 (2008).
2008 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. The dimpling bug, Campylomma austrina Malipatil (Hemiptera: Miridae): the damage and its relationship with ants in mango orchards in the Northern Territory of Australia. International Journal of Pest Management 54, 173 - 179 (2008).
2007 Journal Article Nelson, J. E., Christian, K. A. & Baudinette, R. V. Anatomy of the nasal passages of three species of Australian bats in relation to water loss. Australian Journal of Zoology 55, 57 - 62 (2007).
2007 Journal Article Nielsen, M. G. & Christian, K. A. The mangrove ant, Camponotus anderseni, switches to anaerobic respiration in response to elevated CO2 levels. Journal of Insect Physiology 53, 505 - 508 (2007).
2007 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. The effect of the weaver ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on the mango seed weevil, Sternochetus mangiferae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in mango orchards in the Northern Territory of Australia. International Journal of Pest Management 53, 15 - 24 (2007).
2007 Journal Article Tracey, C. R., Reynolds, S. J., McArthur, L. J., Tracey, C. R. & Christian, K. A. Ecology of Aestivation in a Cocoon-forming Frog, Cyclorana australis (Hylidae). Copeia 2007, 901 - 912 (2007).
2007 Conference Paper Green, B. & Christian, K. A. Field Metabolic Rates (FMRs) and Water Fluxes in Free-Living Varanid Lizards: A Review. 3rd Multidisciplinary World Conference on Monitor Lizards (Horn, H. G., Buhme, W. & Krebs, U.) 240 - 246 (2007). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:2847>
2007 Conference Paper Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Potential for organic mango production in the Northern Territory of Australia using weaver ants, Oecophylla smaragdina,(Hymenoptera: Formicidae). XXVII International Horticultural Congress - IHC 2006 International Symposium on Horticultural Plants in Urban and Peri-Urban Life (Prange, R. & Bishop, S.) 767, 81 - 88 (International Society for Horticultural Science, 2007).
2007 Journal Article Tracey, C. R., Betts, G., Tracey, C. R. & Christian, K. A. Plaster Models to Measure Operative Temperature and Evaporative Water Loss of Amphibians. Journal of Herpetology 41, 597 - 603 (2007).
2007 Journal Article Christian, K. A., Webb, J. K., Schultz, T. & Green, B. Effects of seasonal variation in prey abundance on field metabolism, water flux, and activity of a tropical ambush foraging snake. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 80, 522 - 533 (2007).
2006 Conference Paper Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Green ants as biological control agents in agroforestry. Townsville Dry Tropics R&D Priorities Workshop (Bevege, D. I., Nikles, D. G., Dickinson, G. R. & Skelton, D. J.) 1 - 31 (Private Forestry North Queensland Association Inc., 2006). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:7041>
2006 Journal Article Webb, J. K., Shine, R. & Christian, K. A. The adaptive significance of reptilian viviparity in the tropics: Testing the maternal manipulation hypothesis. Evolution 60, 115 - 122 (2006).
2006 Journal Article Christian, K. A., Tracey, C. R. & Tracey, C. R. Evaluating thermoregulation in reptiles: An appropriate null model. The American Naturalist 168, 421 - 430 (2006).
2006 Journal Article Young, J. E., Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A. & McArthur, L. J. Rates of cutaneous evaporative water loss of native Fijian frogs. Copeia 2006, 83 - 88 (2006).
2006 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Effective control of Jarvis's fruit fly, Bactrocera jarvisi (Diptera: Tephritidae), by the weaver ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in mango orchards in the Northern Territory of Australia. International Journal of Pest Management 52, 275 - 282 (2006).
2006 Conference Paper Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A., Betts, G. & Tracey, C. R. Interactions between water balance, temperature regulation and arboreality in frogs. The Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting (2006). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6944>
2005 Conference Paper Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A. & Tracey, C. R. Ecological Significance of Body Size and Skin Resistance to Terrestriality in Frogs. 5th World Congress of Herpetology 100 - 100 (2005). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6942>
2005 Journal Article Tracey, C. R. & Christian, K. A. Preferred temperature correlates with evaporative water loss in hylid frogs from northern Australia. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 78, 839 - 846 (2005).
2005 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. The control efficacy of the weaver ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on the mango leafhopper, Idioscopus nitidulus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidea) in mango orchards in the Northern Territory. International Journal of Pest Management 51, 297 - 304 (2005).
2005 Journal Article Young, J. E., Christian, K. A., Donnellan, S., Tracey, C. R. & Parry, D. L. Comparative analysis of cutaneous evaporative water loss in frogs demonstrates correlation with ecological habits. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 78, 847 - 856 (2005).
2005 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. Integrated pest management in mango orchards in the Northern Territory Australia, using the weaver ant, Oecophylla smaragdina, (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as a key element. International Journal of Pest Management 51, 149 - 155 (2005).
2005 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Ecology of the fruit spotting bug, Amblypelta lutescens lutescens Distant (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in cashew plantations, with particular reference to the potential for its biological control. Australian Journal of Entomology 44, 45 - 51 (2005).
2004 Report Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Implementing ant technology in commercial cashew plantations and continuation of transplanted green ant colony monitoring. 1 - 72 (Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, 2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:7042>
2004 Book Chapter Christian, K. A. Varanoid Lizards of the World (Pianka, E. R. & King, D. R.) 423 - 429 (Indiana University Press, 2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1613>
2004 Conference Paper Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A. & Young, J. E. Relationships between temperature preferences, hopping performance and water loss in northern Australian Hylid frogs. Annual Meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (Oxford University Press, 2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:3368>
2004 Book Chapter Christian, K. A. Varanoid Lizards of the World (Pianka, E. R. & King, D. R.) 410 - 415 (Indiana University Press, 2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1614>
2004 Journal Article Peng, R. & Christian, K. A. The weaver ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), an effective biological control agent of the red-banded thrips, Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in mango crops in the Northern Territory of Australia. International Journal of Pest Management 50, 107 - 114 (2004).
2004 Book Chapter Husband, G. & Christian, K. A. Varanoid Lizards of the World (Pianka, E. R. & King, D. R.) 434 - 437 (Indiana University Press, 2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1612>
2003 Conference Paper Tracey, C. R., Christian, K. A., Young, J. E. & Laurence, N. Thermal biology of some Top End Hylid frogs: evaporation, preferred temperatures and hopping. ASH Annual Meeting (2003). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6939>
2003 Book Chapter Eamus, D. & Christian, K. A. Ecology: An Australian Perspective (Attiwill, P. & Wilson, B.) 315 - 330 (Oxford University Press, 2003). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1358>
2002 Journal Article Frappell, P. B., Schultz, T. & Christian, K. A. The respiratory system in varanid lizards: determinants of O2 transfer. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 133, 239 - 258 (2002).
2002 Journal Article Webb, J. K., Christian, K. A. & Fisher, R. P. Fast growth and early maturation in a viviparous sit-and-wait predator, the northern death adder (Acanthophis praelongus), from tropical Australia. Journal of Herpetology 36, 505 - 509 (2002).
2002 Journal Article Frappell, P. B., Schultz, T. & Christian, K. A. Oxygen transfer during aerobic exercise in a varanid lizard Varanus mertensi is limited by the circulation. Journal of Experimental Biology 205, 2725 - 2736 (2002).
2002 Conference Paper Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Biological Control of Amblypelta spp (Hemiptera: Coreidae) using Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - progress, prospects and challenges. International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits (Drew, R.) 495 - 502 (ISHS Commission Biotechnology, Education and management; Acta Horticulture, 2002). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:627>
2002 Book Chapter Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits (Drew, R.) 1, 495 - 502 (ISHS, 2002).
2001 Conference Paper Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Potential of using colonies of the green ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (f.), to control cashew insect pests. 6th Workshop on Tropical Agricultural Entomology 81 - 91 (NT Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2001). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:411>
2001 Conference Paper Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Factors influencing the spatial distribution of the tea mosquito bug, H. pernicialis, in cashew plantations. 6th Workshop on Tropical Agricultrual Entomology 113 - 119 (NT Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2001). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:592>
2001 Journal Article Bedford, G. & Christian, K. A. Metabolic response to feeding and fasting in the water python (Liasis fuscus). Australian Journal of Zoology 49, 379 - 387 (2001).
2000 Journal Article Palmer, C., Christian, K. A. & Fisher, A. Mound Characteristics and Behaviour of the Orange-Footed Scrubfowl in the Seasonal Tropics of Australia. Emu 100, 54 - 63 (2000).
2000 Conference Paper Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. The effect of levels of green ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (F.), colonisation on cashew yield in northern Australia. Symposium on Biological Control in the Tropics (Hong, L. W. & Sastroutomo, S. S.) 24 - 28 (CABI Publishing, 2000). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:114>
2000 Journal Article Bedford, G. & Christian, K. A. Digestive Efficiency in Some Australian Pythons. Copeia 2000, 829 - 834 (2000).
2000 Journal Article Christian, K. A. Book Review: Goannas: The Biology of Varanid Lizards. Quarterly Review of Biology 75, 331 (2000).
1999 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. The effect of colony isolation of the predacious ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (F.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on protection of cashew plantations from insect pests. International Journal of Pest Management 45, 189 - 194 (1999).
1999 Journal Article Blamires, S. J. & Christian, K. A. Seasonal water loss of the lizard Lophognathus temporalis in the wet-dry tropics of northern Australia. Amphibia-Reptilia 20, 211 - 215 (1999).
1999 Journal Article Schultz, T., Christian, K. A. & Frappell, P. B. Do Lizards breathe through their mouth while running?. Experimental Biology Online 4, 1 - 46 (1999).
1999 Journal Article Christian, K. A., Bedford, G. & Schultz, T. Energetic consequences of metabolic depression in tropical and temperate-zone lizards. Australian Journal of Zoology 47, 133 - 141 (1999).
1999 Journal Article Christian, K. A. et al. Physiological ecology of a tropical dragon, Lophognathus temporalis. Australian Journal of Ecology 24, 171 - 181 (1999).
1999 Journal Article Christian, K. A., Griffiths, A. D., Bedford, G. & Jenkin, G. Androgen concentrations and behaviour of frillneck lizards (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Journal of Herpetology 33, 12 - 17 (1999).
1998 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. How many queens are there in mature colonies of the green ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius)?. Australian Journal of Entomology 37, 249 - 253 (1998).
1998 Journal Article Griffiths, A. D., Jones, H. & Christian, K. A. Effect of season on oral and gastric nematodes in the frillneck lizard from Australia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 34, 381 - 385 (1998).
1998 Conference Paper Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Bioecology of helopeltis pernicialis (heteroptera: miridae) with particular reference to the control efficiency by oecophylla smaragdina (hymenoptera: formicidae). International Cashew and Coconut Conference 170 - 174 (BioHybrids International Ltd, 1998). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1132>
1998 Journal Article Christian, K. A. Thermoregulation by the short-horned lizard (phrynosoma douglassi) at high elevation. Journal of Thermal Biology 23, 395 - 399 (1998).
1998 Journal Article Bedford, G. & Christian, K. A. Changes in tail colour after autotomy in the Gekkoid Lizard Oedura marmotata from Australia. Dactylus 3, 127 - 130 (1998).
1998 Journal Article Bedford, G. & Christian, K. A. Standard metabolic rate and preferred body temperatures in some Asutralian pythons. Australian Journal of Zoology 46, 317 - 328 (1998).
1998 Journal Article Kennett, R., Christian, K. A. & Bedford, G. Underwater nesting by the Australian freshwater turtle Chelodina rugosa: effect of prolonged immersion and eggshell thickness on incubation period, egg survivorship, and hatching size. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76, 1019 - 1023 (1998).
1998 Conference Paper Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. The effect of green ants on insect pests in cashew plantations. International Cashew and Coconut Conference 179 - 181 (BioHybrids International Ltd, 1998). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1151>
1998 Journal Article Christian, K. A., Gibb, K. S. & Peng, R. The effect of non-crop vegetation on the insect pests and their natural enemies in cashew (Anacarium occientale L.) plantations. Plant Protection Quarterly 13, 16 - 20 (1998).
1998 Book Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Impact of native vegetation on cashew insect pests: with particular reference to the most important pest - helopeltis pernicialis. (Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, 1998). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1179>
1998 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Locating queen ant nests in the green ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera, formicidae). Insectes Sociaux 45, 477 - 480 (1998).
1997 Journal Article Christian, K. A., Baudinette, R. V. & Pamula, Y. Energetic costs of activity by lizards in the field. Functional Ecology 11, 392 - 397 (1997).
1997 Conference Paper Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. How many queens are there in established green ant, Oecophylla smaragdina, colonies?. 28th Annual General Meeting and Scientific Conferenceof the Australian Entomological Society 65 - 65 (1997). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:871>
1997 Journal Article Seymore, R. S., Kennett, R. & Christian, K. A. Osmotic Balance in the Eggs of the Turtle Chelodina rugosa during Developmental Arrest under water. Physiological Zoology 70, 301 - 306 (1997).
1997 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Control threshold analysis for the tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis pernicialis (Hemiptera: Miridae) and preliminary results concerning the efficiency of control by the green ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in northern Australia. International Journal of Pest Management 43, 233 - 237 (1997).
1997 Journal Article Christian, K. A. & Parry, D. L. Reduced Rates of Water Loss and Chemical Properties of Skin Secretions of the Frogs Litoria caerulea and Cyclorana australis. Australian Journal of Zoology 45, 13 - 20 (1997).
1997 Journal Article Peng, R., Christian, K. A. & Gibb, K. S. Distribution of the green ant, Oecophylla smaragdina (F.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in relation to native vegetation and the insect pests in cashew plantations in Australia. International Journal of Pest Management 43, 203 - 211 (1997).

Jump to NRBL themeJump to CMEM themeJump to FEM themeJump to SMWC themeJump to TRF themeJump to RIEL home

Innovative Research University

© 2011-2013 Charles Darwin University
Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods
Privacy Policy
CRICOS Provider No. 00300K | RTO Provider No. 0373

Phone (+61) 8 8946 6413
Email riel@cdu.edu.au