Dr. Niels Crosley Munksgaard

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Niels Crosley Munksgaard is a Chartered Chemist (CCHEM) with the Royal Australian Chemical Institute. He earned his pH.D in Geology and Geochemistry from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

After working as a North Sea oil-field geologist for a few years he took up a position at Macquarie University in Sydney in charge of a geochemical laboratory and conducted geological research in Antarctica. In 1990 Niels moved to the Northern Territory University (now Charles Darwin University) and helped establish the Environmental Analytical Chemistry Unit, now the Environmental Chemistry and Microbiology Unit (ECMU).

The ECMU has expanded into a significant provider of consultancy services in environmental research and chemical analysis for government and industry in Northern Australia. This has enabled the ECMU to contribute analytical services to the research projects of over 100 staff members and postgraduate students and the facility has attracted significant government funding for research and infrastructure.

Niels’s research effort within RIEL is focussed on the role of metal and nutrient pollutants associated with mining and urban development in coastal and marine environments of Northern Australia. This work has involved using of a wide range of advanced analytical techniques such as isotope techniques for tracing pollutant sources. Niels is also working in collaboration with James Cook University to establish MAFIA (Mobile Australian Field Isotope Alliance). This project is developing world-first stable isotope instruments capable of performing high resolution measurements in time and space. These techniques are aimed at expanding our capabilities in hydrological and climate change research.

Year Type Citation
In Press Journal Article Bass, A. et al. Continuous shipboard measurements of oceanic δ 18O, δD and δ13CDIC along a transect from New Zealand to Antarctica using cavity ring-down isotope spectrometry. Journal of Marine Systems (In Press). doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.04.003
2013 Journal Article Bass, A., Munksgaard, N. C., Leblanc, M., Tweed, S. & Bird, M. I. Contrasting carbon export dynamics of human impacted and pristine tropical catchments in response to a short-lived discharge event. Hydrological Processes (2013). doi:10.1002/hyp.9716
2013 Journal Article Mackay, A. K., Taylor, M. P., Munksgaard, N. C., Hudson-Edwards, K. A. & Burn-Nunes, L. Identification of environmental lead sources and pathways in a mining and smelting town: Mount Isa, Australia. Environmental Pollution 180, 304 - 311 (2013).
2013 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Lottermoser, B. G. Phosphate amendment of metalliferous tailings, Cannington Ag–Pb–Zn mine, Australia: implications for the capping of tailings storage facilities. Environmental Earth Sciences 68, 33-44 (2013).
2013 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Davies, K., Wurster, C. M., Bass, A. & Bird, M. I. Field-based cavity ring-down spectrometry of δ13C in soil-respired CO2. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies (2013). doi:10.1080/10256016.2013.750606
2012 Journal Article Bass, A., Bird, M. I., Munksgaard, N. C. & Wurster, C. M. ISO-CADICA: Isotopic – continuous, automated dissolved inorganic carbon analyser. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 26, 639-644 (2012).
2012 Journal Article Padovan, A. C. et al. Trace metal concentrations in the tropical sponge Spheciospongia vagabunda at a sewage outfall: synchrotron X-ray imaging reveals the micron-scale distribution of accumulated metals. Hydrobiologia 687, 275-288 (2012).
2012 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Wurster, C. M., Bass, A., Zagorskis, I. & Bird, M. I. First continuous shipboard δ18O and δD measurements in sea water by diffusion sampling—cavity ring-down spectrometry. Environmental Chemistry Letters 10, 301 - 307 (2012).
2012 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Lottermoser, B. G. & Blake, K. Prolonged testing of metal mobility in mining-impacted soils amended with phosphate fertilisers. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 223, 2237-2255 (2012).
2012 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Wurster, C. M., Bass, A. & Bird, M. I. Extreme short-term stable isotope variability revealed by continuous rainwater analysis. Hydrological Processes 26, 3630-3634 (2012).
2011 Conference Proceedings Munksgaard, N. C., Padovan, A. C., Gibb, K. S. & Parry, D. L. Synchrotron X-ray mapping of bio-accumulated metals in a tropical sponge . Envirotox 2011 Darwin (2011).
2011 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Wurster, C. M. & Bird, M. I. Continuous analysis of d18O and dD values of water by diffusion sampling cavity ring-down spectrometry: a novel sampling device for unattended field monitoring of precipitation, ground and surface waters. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 25, 3706-3712 (2011).
2011 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Lottermoser, B. G. Fertilizer Amendment of Mining-Impacted Soils from Broken Hill, Australia: Fixation or Release of Contaminants?. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 215, 373-397 (2011).
2011 Journal Article Tillet, B. J. et al. Decoding fingerprints: elemental composition of vertebrae correlates to age-related habitat use in two morphologically similar sharks. Marine Ecology Progress Series 434, 133-142 (2011).
2010 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Lottermoser, B. G. Effects of Wood Bark and Fertilizer Amendment on Trace Element Mobility in Mine Soils, Broken Hill, Australia: Implications for Mined Land Reclamation. Journal of Environmental Quality 39, 2054-2062 (2010).
2010 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Taylor, M. P. & Mackay, A. Recognising and responding to the obvious: the source of lead pollution at Mount Isa and the likely health impacts. Medical Journal of Australia 193, 131-132 (2010).
2010 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Lottermoser, B. G. Mobility and potential bioavailability of traffic-derived trace metals in a ‘wet–dry’ tropical region, Northern Australia. Environmental Earth Sciences 60, 1447-1458 (2010).
2009 Journal Article Lottermoser, B. G., Munksgaard, N. C. & Daniell, K. Trace Element Uptake by Mitchell Grasses Grown on Mine Wastes, Cannington Ag–Pb–Zn Mine, Australia: Implications for Mined Land Reclamation. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 203, 243-259 (2009).
2008 Conference Paper Lottermoser, B. G., Daniell, K., Munksgaard, N. C. & Ashely, P. M. Assessment of covers for the reclamation of base metal tailings, Cannington Silver-Lead-Zinc mine. Sustainable Development Conference, Darwin (2008).
2008 Journal Article Frostick, A., Bollhofer, A., Parry, D. L., Munksgaard, N. C. & Evans, K. Radioactive and radiogenic isotopes in sediments from Cooper Creek, Western Arnhem Land. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 99, 468 - 482 (2008).
2008 Journal Article Lottermoser, B. G., Ashley, P. M. & Munksgaard, N. C. Biogeochemistry of Pb–Zn gossans, northwest Queensland, Australia: Implications for mineral exploration and mine site rehabilitation. Applied Geochemistry 23, 723-742 (2008).
2006 Conference Paper Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Alumina refining and marine hydrotalcite deposits: an assessment of stability and bioavailability of occluded metals. Interact 2006 (2006). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6743>
2006 Conference Paper Vicente-Beckett, V., Shearer, D., Morrison, H. & Munksgaard, N. C. Assessment of the natural levels and enhancement of metals in estuarine sediments of Central Queensland. Interact 2006 (2006). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6742>
2006 Conference Paper Frostick, A., Bollhofer, A., Parry, D. L., Munksgaard, N. C. & Evans, K. Radioactive and radiogenic isotopes in sediments from Cooper Creek, Western Arnhem Land. 9th South Pacific Environmental Radioactivity Conference (2006). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6744>
2005 Journal Article Lo-Yat, A. et al. Small-scale spatial variation in the elemental composition of otoliths of Stegastes nigricans (Pomacentridae) in French Polynesia. Coral Reefs 24, 646 - 653 (2005).
2005 Conference Paper Munksgaard, N. C. Monitoring mining impacts in Northern Australia using lead isotope ratio measurements. 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements (CSIRO Land and Water, 2005). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6741>
2005 Conference Paper Wagner, K. F., Brazier, J., Munksgaard, N. C., Parry, D. L. & Sauerland, C. Environmental monitoring and speciation analysis of uranium using diffusive gradients in thin-films. 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements (2005). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6739>
2005 Conference Paper Brazier, J., Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Distribution of Rum Jungle U/Cu mine trace metal contaminants on the Finnis River floodplains, Northern Territory, Australia. 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements (2005). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6740>
2004 Conference Paper Antwertinger, Y., Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Coral bio-monitoring: development and comparison of laser ablation techniques for analysis of Faviidae. Interact 2004 (2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6736>
2004 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Antwertinger, Y. & Parry, D. L. Laser Ablation ICP-MS Analysis of Faviidae Corals for Environmental Monitoring of a Tropical Estuary. Environmental Chemistry 1, 188 - 196 (2004).
2004 Conference Paper Brazier, J., Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Tracking sources and pathways of Rum Jungle metals through the Finnis River system, Northern Territory. Interact 2004 (2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6735>
2004 Conference Paper Munksgaard, N. C. Measuring environmentally significant metal concentrations in freshwater and seawater: implications for monitoring programs. Northern Territory Minerals Council Environmental Workshop (2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6737>
2004 Conference Paper Lo-Yat, A., Meekan, M. G., Munksgaard, N. C., Parry, D. L. & Planes, S. Using ICP-MS analysis of otoliths to examine connectivity between islands of French Polynesia. 3rd International Symposium on Fish Otolith Research and Application (2004). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6738>
2003 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Lim, K. & Parry, D. L. Rare earth elements as provenance indicators in North Australian estuarine and coastal marine sediments. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 57, 399 - 409 (2003).
2003 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Brazier, J., Moir, C. M. & Parry, D. L. The use of lead isotopes in monitoring environmental impacts of uranium and lead mining in Northern Australia. Australian Journal of Chemistry: an international journal for chemical science 56, 233 - 238 (2003).
2003 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Monitoring of labile metals in turbid coastal seawater using diffusive gradients in thin-films. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 5, 145 - 149 (2003).
2002 Conference Paper Munksgaard, N. C., Moir, C. M. & Parry, D. L. Monitoring of mining impacts in the north Australian marine environment using lead isotope data. Interact 2002: Programme and Abstract Book (M Warne, S. J. & Hibbert, B.) 132 (2002). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6721>
2002 Conference Paper Parry, D. L., Munksgaard, N. C. & Antwertinger, Y. Chemical eradication of an invasive marine species (black striped mussel): environmental implications. Interact 2002 (M Warne, S. J. & Hibbert, B.) (2002). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:6745>
2002 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Metals, arsenic and lead isotopes in near-pristine estuarine and marine coastal sediments from northern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 53, 719 - 729 (2002).
2002 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Moir, C. M. & Parry, D. L. Bio-monitoring using lead isotope ratios in seagrass and oysters. Marine Technology Society Journal: the international, interdisciplinary society devoted to ocean and marine engineering, science and policy 36, 52 - 54 (2002).
2001 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Trace metals, arsenic and lead isotopes in dissolved and particulate phases of North Australian coastal and estuarine seawater. Marine Chemistry 75, 165 - 184 (2001).
2000 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Anomalous lead isotope ratios and provenance of offshore sediments, Gulf Carpentaria, northern Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 47, 771 - 777 (2000).
1999 Report Parry, D. L. & Munksgaard, N. C. Environmental monitoring of effluent disposal systems: Darwin Harbour and Buffalo Creek, Wet and Dry Season 1998. (1999). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:321>
1999 Report Parry, D. L., Munksgaard, N. C. & Marianelli, A. Water quality in Cullen Bay, Frances Bay and Tipperary Waters Marinas during and after the black striped mussel eradication program. (Northern Territory University, Darwin, 1999). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:323>
1998 Conference Paper Parry, D. L. & Munksgaard, N. C. Metals and arsenic in a green turtle. Proceedings of the Workshop on Marine Turtle Conservation and Management in Northern Australia (Kennett, R., Webb, A., Duff, G. A., Guinea, M. & Hill, G.) 89 - 92 (Centre for Indigenous Natural and Cultural Resource Management, 1998). at <http://espace.cdu.edu.au/view/cdu:1130>
1998 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C., Batterham, G. J. & Parry, D. L. Lead isotope ratios determined by ICP-MS : Investigation of anthropogenic lead in seawater and sediment from the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin 36, 527 - 534 (1998).
1998 Journal Article Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Lead isotope ratios determined by ICP-MS: Monitoring of mining-derived metal particulates in atmospheric fallout, Northern Territory, Australia. Science of the Total Environment 217, 113 - 125 (1998).
1997 Journal Article Batterham, G. J., Munksgaard, N. C. & Parry, D. L. Determination of trace metals in sea-water by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after off-line dithiocarbamate solvent extraction. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 12, 1277 - 1280 (1997).

Niels is a founding member of the Environmental Chemistry and Microbiology Unit (ECMU) and have conducted research consultancy projects for over 20 years and produced in excess of 100 consultancy reports. The ECMU has expanded into a significant provider of specialised environmental chemistry research and analysis in Northern Australia. Research and consultancy collaborations have been forged with both government and private industry and include: Northern Territory Government Departments, Power and Water Corporation, Northern Land Council, Australian Institute of Marine Science, CSIRO, Earth Water and Life Sciences, Environmental Research Institute of the Supervising Scientist, GEMCO-BHP Billiton, Minerals and Metals Group,  Rio Tinto Alcan- Gove, Rio Tinto Research & Development, Xstrata McArthur River Mine.

Current

Darwin Harbour Sediment Assessment

Darwin Harbour wide sampling and analysis of bottom sediment for grain size distribution and metal concentrations, development of sediment quality criteria

Mobile Australian Field Isotope Alliance

Development of stable isotope instruments that are (i) portable between institutions (ii) being operable under field conditions enabling ‘quasi-real-time’ analysis, (iii) a fraction of the purchase price and operating cost of isotope ratio mass spectrometers and (iv) require a lower level of technical expertise to operate

Stable isotopes in Darwin rainfall

Stable isotope data can be used to track water from individual rainfall events as it moves through the hydrological cycle, e.g. through soil, vegetation, groundwater and into rivers and the ocean.
96 hour back trajectories of air parcels arriving in Darwin

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